The staphylococcal TetA(K) tetracycline exporter is classified within the major facilitator superfamily of transport proteins and contains 14 α-helical transmembrane segments (TMS). Using cysteine-scanning mutagenesis, 27 amino acid residues across and flanking putative TMS 10 of the TetA(K) transporter were individually replaced with cysteine. The level of solvent accessibility to each of the targeted amino acid positions was determined as a measure of fluorescein maleimide reactivity and demonstrated that TMS 10 of TetA(K) has a cytoplasmic boundary at G313 and is likely to extend from at least V298 on the periplasmic side. TMS 10 was found to be amphiphilic containing at least partially solvent accessible amino acid residues along the length of one helical face, suggesting that this helix may line a solvent-exposed channel. Functional analyses of these cysteine mutants demonstrated a significant role for a number of amino acid residues, including a predominance of glycine residues which were further analyzed by alanine substitution. These residues are postulated to allow interhelical interactions between TMS 10 and distal parts of TetA(K) that are likely to be required for the tetracycline transport mechanism in TetA(K) and may be a general feature required by bacterial tetracycline transporters for activity.