Governance criteria for effective transboundary biodiversity conservation

Michelle Lim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Intact ecosystems across jurisdictional boundaries are of growing importance as the world continues to experience the impacts of climate change. International boundaries have, however, been drawn for political rather than ecological reasons. Ecosystem components often occur in more than one nation and are consequently subject to conflicting management and land-use practices. This research integrates the legal, institutional and environmental management components of transboundary biodiversity conservation to propose a comprehensive framework for evaluating the potential effectiveness of transboundary conservation regimes. The paper presents twelve criteria for the effective transboundary conservation of terrestrial biodiversity. These criteria can assist in the evaluation of existing initiatives and the design of future ones. The criteria will be of increasing importance as decision-makers seek to adapt to climate change and conserve biodiversity at all scales of political organization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-813
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Effective governance
  • Transboundary biodiversity conservation
  • High Pamir and Pamir-Alai Mountains
  • Heart of Borneo


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