Graded methionine dietary inclusions influence growth performance and apparent ileal amino acid digestibility coefficients and disappearance rates in broiler chickens

Shemil P. Macelline, Peter V. Chrystal, Leon R. McQuade, Bernard V. Mclnerney, Yangsu Kim, Yumin Bao, Peter H. Selle, Sonia Y. Liu

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Abstract

Graded quantities of 1.38, 2.76 and 4.14 g/kg L-methionine were included in a control diet formulated to contain 3.07 g/kg digestible methionine. Each of the 4 dietary treatments was offered to 6 replicate cages (initially 8 birds per cage) from 1 to 21 d post–hatch. The parameters assessed included growth performance, nutrient utilisation (apparent metabolisable energy [AME], AME:GE ratios, N retention, N-corrected apparent metabolisable energy [AMEn]), apparent digestibility coefficients and disappearance rates of amino acids in the distal ileum. They also included free amino concentrations in systemic plasma (brachial vein) at 20 d post–hatch and in hepatic tissue at 14 and 21 d post–hatch. Graded L-methionine inclusions quadratically influenced weight gain (r = 0.688; P = 0.001) and FCR (r = 0.780; P < 0.001). It may be deduced from the quadratic regressions that 3.43 g/kg L-methionine supported maximum weight gain of 1,036 g/kg and 3.50 g/kg L-methionine minimum FCR of 1.193, from 1 to 21 d post–hatch. The control diet contained specified levels of 3.07 g/kg digestible methionine and 13.0 g/kg digestible lysine. Thus, an inclusion of 3.465 g/kg L-methionine corresponded to a total of 6.535 g/kg methionine or a methionine-to-lysine ratio of 50.3, which is higher than standard recommendations. The implications of this and other outcomes of the present study are reported and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-168
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal nutrition
Volume8
Issue number1
Early online date14 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

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Keywords

  • Amino acid
  • Broiler chicken
  • Methionine

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