Graphene and its derivatives: opportunities and challenges in dentistry

M. Tahriri*, M. Del Monico, A. Moghanian, M. Tavakkoli Yaraki, R. Torres, A. Yadegari, L. Tayebi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The emerging science of graphene-based engineered nanomaterials as either nanomedicines or dental materials in dentistry is growing. Apart from its exceptional mechanical characteristics, electrical conductivity and thermal stability, graphene and its derivatives can be functionalized with several bioactive molecules, allowing them to be incorporated into and improve different scaffolds used in regenerative dentistry. This review presents state of the art graphene-based engineered nanomaterial applications to cells in the dental field, with a particular focus on the control of stem cells of dental origin. The interactions between graphene-based nanomaterials and cells of the immune system, along with the antibacterial activity of graphene nanomaterials are discussed. In the last section, we offer our perspectives on the various applications of graphene and its derivatives in association with titanium dental implants, membranes for bone regeneration, resins, cements and adhesives, as well as tooth-whitening procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-185
Number of pages15
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biocompatibility
  • Dentistry
  • Graphene
  • Graphene oxide
  • Stem cells
  • Tissue engineering

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