Gross motor teaching in preschool education (Enseñanza de la motricidad gruesa en educación infantil)

where, what and how do Singapore educators teach? (¿dónde, qué y cómo enseñan las maestras en Singapur?)

Alfredo Bautista*, Ana Moreno-Núñez, Poorani Vijayakumar, Erin Quek, Rebecca Bull

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fostering the development of gross motor (GM) skills is important in itself and beneficial for the holistic development of children. While early childhood curriculum frameworks for GM teaching have been recently articulated, there is limited research on actual pedagogical practices. This study explored GM teaching practices in Singapore Kindergarten 1 classrooms (4–5 years), focusing on where (indoors vs outdoors), what (types of GM skills) and how (teaching strategies and opportunities for practice) preschool educators teach. The study is part of a longitudinal project in which 108 Kindergarten 1 classrooms were observed and videotaped during a full ‘typical day’ (3–4 hours). GM teaching was observed to occur predominantly indoors. Non-locomotor skills were the most frequently taught to children, followed by locomotor and manipulative skills. Many educators were observed using explicit teaching strategies before and during GM activities, with low involvement after activities had been completed. While GM teaching was predominantly teacher-led, opportunities for unguided practice and play were more frequent outdoors. We conclude that Singapore preschool educators need support to better enact the guidelines of the GM curriculum framework. The study enriches the thin classroom-based international literature on GM education.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)443-482
    Number of pages40
    JournalInfancia y Aprendizaje
    Volume43
    Issue number2
    Early online date26 Sep 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Keywords

    • preschool education
    • gross motor development
    • curriculum
    • teaching practices
    • physical activity

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