Proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are involved in the processes of atherosclerosis and restenosis. The protein product of the growth arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas-6) has recently been identified as a ligand for the Axl/Rse/ Mer tyrosine kinase receptor family, which may be involved in proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Here we show that Gas-6 gene expression is increased in proliferating VSMCs in tissue culture (2.5-fold increase by Northern blot) and following neointimal proliferation in a rabbit balloon-injury model (3-fold increase by Western blot). Neither platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) nor thrombin stimulate the expression of Gas-6 in cultured VSMCs despite the ability of the PDGF, but not thrombin, to stimulate proliferation in growth-arrested cells. These data suggest a role for the Gas-6 regulatory system in VSMC proliferation, which may be a target for therapeutic interventions in the atherosclerotic process and restenosis after angioplasty.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Balloon-injury model
- Platelet-derived growth factor
- Vascular smooth muscle cells