The Gunnedah Basin in New South Wales has long been an important coal and gas resource, but limited information exists on the temperature structure or crustal architecture at depth to enable development of its geothermal potential. Here we combine gravity modelling, seismic-reflection surveys and borehole drilling results to develop a 3D depth to basement structural map and geological model of the basin. The 3D structure of the Gunnedah Basin is characteristic of a typical intracontinental rift basin. Gravity modelling of the Lachlan Fold Belt basement, using borehole and seismic-reflection controls, shows a 2-3.5 km-deep approximately north-south-oriented channel between the basement highs of the Rocky Glen Ridge in the west and Boggabri Ridge in the east. Extensional basal volcanics during the Late Carboniferous-Early Permian fill this channel. Borehole data and gravity modelling show up to 1 km of Permian to Jurassic sedimentary rocks overlying the rift volcanics. Preliminary thermal modelling, incorporating the geological model and limited deep borehole temperatures, indicates temperatures at the top of basement are in the range 105-165°C.