A genomic clone and cDNA fragment encoding a portion of a humoral recognition molecule from the hagfish were isolated and sequenced. The serum protein has previously been described as having structural features that are immunoglobulin-like. Amino acid sequence obtained from the 77-kDa H1 heavy chain facilitated the isolation of a genomic clone containing at least two coding regions. Through use of primers derived from the genomic sequences, a 231-base-pair cDNA fragment was obtained by PCR from liver RNA. Comparison of the deduced 120-amino acid sequence from the N terminus of H1 with known protein sequences revealed substantial sequence similarity with the β chain of the murine fourth complement component C4 and with the related third and fifth complement molecules C5 and C3 and the major histocompatibility complex-encoded sex-limited protein. Observation of structural and functional similarities associated with the sequence similarity indicate that these molecules share an evolutionary relationship: the polypeptide chain structure of hagfish complement-like protein (CLP) resembles that of C4; CLP contains a hidden thioester group on the 70-kDa chain; CLP binds to streptococcal cells and enhances the phagocytosis of yeast by hagfish leukocytes. These data suggest that CLP forms part of a non-clonally-derived complement-related humoral defense system in the hagfish.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 1992|
- Immune response
- Nucleotide sequence