Idiopathic Parkinson's disease is a common movement disorder characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Its pathogenesis is postulated to involve complex interactions between genetic susceptibility and environmental exposures. The IGF2-INS-TH gene cluster on the telomeric end of human chromosome 11 is a gene rich region expressing several proteins important for dopamine neuron homeostasis. We used a haplotyping approach to determine whether common genetic variation in the IGF2-INS-TH cluster influences the risk of idiopathic Parkinson's disease in a Caucasian case-control group recruited from Brisbane, Australia. Three tagging polymorphisms, the SNPs, rs680 and rs689 and the microsatellite, HUMTH01, were genotyped in 215 cases and 215 age- and gender-matched controls. Eight common haplotypes accounted for 91% of the genetic variation in our control group and one haplotype, IGF2-INS-TH*6, was significantly under-represented among the cases with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.25-0.72, P-value = 0.001). Analysis of the individual polymorphisms showed that the IGF2-rs680 alternate 'A' allele accounted for the majority of the protective effect. Our findings suggest that common genetic variants in the IGF2-INS-TH cluster modify susceptibility to idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jun 2008|
- Chromosome 11
- Insulin-like growth factor 2
- Parkinson's disease
- Tyrosine hydroxylase