Health status, quality of life and socioeconomic situation of people with spinal cord injuries six years after discharge from a hospital in Bangladesh

Mohammad Sohrab Hossain, Md. Shofiqul Islam, Md. Akhlasur Rahman, Joanne V. Glinsky, Robert D. Herbert, Stanley Ducharme, Lisa A. Harvey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study design: Cross-sectional analysis of a mixed retrospective and prospective inception cohort study. Objectives: To determine health status, quality of life and socioeconomic situation of people with spinal cord injuries (SCI) 6 years after discharge from a hospital in Bangladesh. Setting: Bangladesh. Methods: All patients alive 6 years after discharge from a hospital in Bangladesh were interviewed using the SF12 health survey, the SCI Secondary Conditions Scale, the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD), and the participation in society items of World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0). Additional questions determined participants’ socioeconomic and employment status. Results: The cohort comprised 260 participants: 145 used wheelchairs for mobility and 115 were able to walk at discharge. The median (IQR) Mental and Physical Component scores for the SF12 were 54 (49–57) and 44 (40–51) points, respectively. The median scores for the SCI Secondary Conditions Scale, CESD and WHODAS 2.0 were 8 (4–13), 7 (4–13) and 12 (6–17) points, respectively. Fourteen percent of all participants and 23% of those who used wheelchairs had a pressure ulcer at the time of interview. Forty-four percent of participants were unemployed and 65% were living below the poverty line (median (IQR) income, USD 0 (0–91)) per month. Conclusion: Many people with SCI in Bangladesh are unemployed and living in poverty with a reduced quality of life and participation. Pressure ulcers are a common complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-661
Number of pages10
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

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