Heat pipe air-cooled thermal management system for lithium-ion batteries: High power applications

Hamidreza Behi*, Mohammadreza Behi, Danial Karimi, Joris Jaguemont, Morteza Ghanbarpour, Masud Behnia, Maitane Berecibar, Joeri Van Mierlo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)
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Thermal management of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries in Electrical Vehicles (EVs) is important due to extreme heat generation during fast charging/discharging. In the current study, a sandwiched configuration of the heat pipes cooling system (SHCS) is suggested for the high current discharging of lithium-titanate (LTO) battery cell. The temperature of the LTO cell is experimentally evaluated in the 8C discharging rate by different cooling strategies. Results indicate that the maximum cell temperature in natural convection reaches 56.8 °C. In addition, maximum cell temperature embedded with SCHS for the cooling strategy using natural convection, forced convection for SHCS, and forced convection for cell and SHCS reach 49 °C, 38.8 °C, and 37.8 °C which can reduce the cell temperature by up to 13.7%, 31.6%, and 33.4% respectively. A computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model using COMSOL Multiphysics® is developed and comprehensively validated with experimental results. This model is then employed to investigate the thermal performance of the SHCS under different transient boundary conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116240
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Issue numberPart 2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery
  • Thermal management system (TMS)
  • Air cooling, Heat pipe
  • Sandwiched heat pipes cooling system (SHCS)
  • Computational fluid dynamic (CFD)


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