Heat transfer enhancement in heat exchanger with dimpled/protruded surface

Tsz Kit Tang, Ann Lee*, Guan Heng Yeoh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review


Numerical study of heat transfer enhancement in compact heat exchanger with dimpled/protruded surfaces has been undertaken. The compact heat exchanger, with hot water (laminar regime) flowing in the inner tube and cold water in the annulus was investigated numerically. Two different configurations of the dimple/protruded surfaces were investigated, i.e. arrays of spherical dimples in different sizes and arrays of dimples in different orientations. The flow structure and thermal fields in the channel were presented and discussed in detail. It was found that the optimum heat transfer enhancement at a low pressure drop is achieved at the configurations of between 0.5 mm to 1 mm dimples/protrusions which resulted in an enhancement in the total heat transfer rate of 9.3% to 10.75% comparing to a smooth channel. This is a worthwhile heat transfer enhancement as the pressure drop incurred is as low as 1.71%. The pressure drop increases rapidly by increasing the height of the dimple and protrusion, therefore configuration of the dimples and channel height could be optimized in order to increase the thermal performance factor. The results also show that the orientation of the angle of the dimples/protrusions in the compact heat exchanger make insignificant differences in heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIHTC-15
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 15th International Heat Transfer Conference
Place of PublicationKyoto, Japan
PublisherInternational Heat Transfer Conference Digital Library
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Heat Transfer Conference (15th : 2014) - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 10 Aug 201415 Aug 2014


OtherInternational Heat Transfer Conference (15th : 2014)
Abbreviated titleIHTC-15


  • Heat Transfer Enhancement
  • Heat Exchanger
  • Dimple
  • Protrusion
  • Pressure Drop


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