Heat transfer enhancement in microchannel using nanofluids

Khairul Afif Fadzin, Ann Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Numerical investigation of heat transfer enhancement in two-dimensional microchannel heat sink (MCHS) using Al2O3-water, CuO-water and TiO2-water was conducted. The effect of different type of nanoparticles at particle volume concentration of 1%, 2% and 5% on the thermal performance in the MCHS was examined. The thermal performance is increased when nanofluids with high thermal conductivity and low dynamic viscosity was used. As the particle volume concentration increases, the heat transfer performance also improved. The result shows that the heat transfer performance of all the nanofluids used in this study was better than that of pure water. Overall, nanofluids with Al2O3-water at 5% particle volume concentration show the best cooling performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Place of PublicationZurich, Switzerland
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783037859339
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event4th International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2013 - Bangi-Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Dec 201318 Dec 2013

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
ISSN (Print)16609336
ISSN (Electronic)16627482


Other4th International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2013


  • Conjugate heat transfer
  • Microchannel
  • Nanofluids

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