Hemifacial microsomia: a multisystem classification

David J. David, Charan Mahatumarat, Rodney D. Cooter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)


Variability of deformities in hemifacial microsomia has precluded the general acceptance of any classification based on one reference organ. We present a review of hemifacial microsomia classifications and propose a TNM-style multisystem classification. This alphanumeric coding system, SAT, provides cohesion to existing hemifacial microsomia classifications. The acronym SAT is derived as follows: S = skeletal, A = auricle, and Τ = soft tissue. There are five levels of skeletal deformity (Si through S5), four levels of auricular deformity (A0 through A3), and three levels of soft-tissue deformity (Ti through T3). Hence a patient with minimal deformity would be classified SiAoTi, whereas a patient with the most severe deformity would be S5A3T3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-533
Number of pages9
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes


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