Herd those sheep: emergent multiagent coordination and behavioral-mode switching

Patrick Nalepka, Rachel W. Kallen, Anthony Chemero, Elliot Saltzman, Michael J. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Effectively coordinating one’s behaviors with those of others is essential for successful multiagent activity. In recent years, increased attention has been given to understanding the dynamical principles that underlie such coordination because of a growing interest in behavioral synchrony and complex-systems phenomena. Here, we examined the behavioral dynamics of a novel, multiagent shepherding task, in which pairs of individuals had to corral small herds of virtual sheep in the center of a virtual game field. Initially, all pairs adopted a complementary, search-and-recover mode of behavioral coordination, in which both members corralled sheep predominantly on their own sides of the field. Over the course of game play, however, a significant number of pairs spontaneously discovered a more effective mode of behavior: coupled oscillatory containment, in which both members synchronously oscillated around the sheep. Analysis and modeling revealed that both modes were defined by the task’s underlying dynamics and, moreover, reflected context-specific realizations of the lawful dynamics that define functional shepherding behavior more generally.

LanguageEnglish
Pages630-650
Number of pages21
JournalPsychological Science
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sheep

Cite this

@article{3aeea17c4f8448879a0bb0edfb2500ec,
title = "Herd those sheep: emergent multiagent coordination and behavioral-mode switching",
abstract = "Effectively coordinating one’s behaviors with those of others is essential for successful multiagent activity. In recent years, increased attention has been given to understanding the dynamical principles that underlie such coordination because of a growing interest in behavioral synchrony and complex-systems phenomena. Here, we examined the behavioral dynamics of a novel, multiagent shepherding task, in which pairs of individuals had to corral small herds of virtual sheep in the center of a virtual game field. Initially, all pairs adopted a complementary, search-and-recover mode of behavioral coordination, in which both members corralled sheep predominantly on their own sides of the field. Over the course of game play, however, a significant number of pairs spontaneously discovered a more effective mode of behavior: coupled oscillatory containment, in which both members synchronously oscillated around the sheep. Analysis and modeling revealed that both modes were defined by the task’s underlying dynamics and, moreover, reflected context-specific realizations of the lawful dynamics that define functional shepherding behavior more generally.",
keywords = "multiagent systems, social coordination, joint action, complex systems, task dynamics, dynamical modeling, open data",
author = "Patrick Nalepka and Kallen, {Rachel W.} and Anthony Chemero and Elliot Saltzman and Richardson, {Michael J.}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0956797617692107",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "630--650",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "5",

}

Herd those sheep : emergent multiagent coordination and behavioral-mode switching. / Nalepka, Patrick; Kallen, Rachel W.; Chemero, Anthony; Saltzman, Elliot; Richardson, Michael J.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 28, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. 630-650.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Herd those sheep

T2 - Psychological Science

AU - Nalepka,Patrick

AU - Kallen,Rachel W.

AU - Chemero,Anthony

AU - Saltzman,Elliot

AU - Richardson,Michael J.

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Effectively coordinating one’s behaviors with those of others is essential for successful multiagent activity. In recent years, increased attention has been given to understanding the dynamical principles that underlie such coordination because of a growing interest in behavioral synchrony and complex-systems phenomena. Here, we examined the behavioral dynamics of a novel, multiagent shepherding task, in which pairs of individuals had to corral small herds of virtual sheep in the center of a virtual game field. Initially, all pairs adopted a complementary, search-and-recover mode of behavioral coordination, in which both members corralled sheep predominantly on their own sides of the field. Over the course of game play, however, a significant number of pairs spontaneously discovered a more effective mode of behavior: coupled oscillatory containment, in which both members synchronously oscillated around the sheep. Analysis and modeling revealed that both modes were defined by the task’s underlying dynamics and, moreover, reflected context-specific realizations of the lawful dynamics that define functional shepherding behavior more generally.

AB - Effectively coordinating one’s behaviors with those of others is essential for successful multiagent activity. In recent years, increased attention has been given to understanding the dynamical principles that underlie such coordination because of a growing interest in behavioral synchrony and complex-systems phenomena. Here, we examined the behavioral dynamics of a novel, multiagent shepherding task, in which pairs of individuals had to corral small herds of virtual sheep in the center of a virtual game field. Initially, all pairs adopted a complementary, search-and-recover mode of behavioral coordination, in which both members corralled sheep predominantly on their own sides of the field. Over the course of game play, however, a significant number of pairs spontaneously discovered a more effective mode of behavior: coupled oscillatory containment, in which both members synchronously oscillated around the sheep. Analysis and modeling revealed that both modes were defined by the task’s underlying dynamics and, moreover, reflected context-specific realizations of the lawful dynamics that define functional shepherding behavior more generally.

KW - multiagent systems

KW - social coordination

KW - joint action

KW - complex systems

KW - task dynamics

KW - dynamical modeling

KW - open data

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019270006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0956797617692107

DO - 10.1177/0956797617692107

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 630

EP - 650

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 5

ER -