High-eccentricity planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search

Hugh R A Jones*, R. Paul Butler, C. G. Tinney, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Brad D. Carter, Alan J. Penny, Chris McCarthy, Jeremy Bailey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report Doppler measurements of the stars HD 187085 and HD 20782 which indicate two high eccentricity low-mass companions to the stars. We find HD 187085 has a Jupiter-mass companion with a ∼1000-d orbit. Our formal 'best-fitting' solution suggests an eccentricity of 0.47, however, it does not sample the periastron passage of the companion and we find that orbital solutions with eccentricities between 0.1 and 0.8 give only slightly poorer fits (based on rms and) and are thus plausible. Observations made during periastron passage in 2007 June should allow for the reliable determination of the orbital eccentricity for the companion to HD 187085. Our data set for HD 20782 does sample periastron and so the orbit for its companion can be more reliably determined. We find the companion to HD 20782 has, an orbital period of 595.86 ± 0.03 d and an orbit with an eccentricity of 0.92 ± 0.03. The detection of such high-eccentricity (and relatively low-velocity amplitude) exoplanets appears to be facilitated by the long-term precision of the Anglo-Australian Planet Search. Looking at exoplanet detections as a whole, we find that those with higher eccentricity seem to have relatively higher velocity amplitudes indicating higher mass planets andor an observational bias against the detection of high-eccentricity systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-256
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume369
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: brown dwarfs
  • Stars: individual: HD 187085
  • Stars: individual: HD 20782

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'High-eccentricity planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Jones, H. R. A., Butler, R. P., Tinney, C. G., Marcy, G. W., Carter, B. D., Penny, A. J., ... Bailey, J. (2006). High-eccentricity planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 369(1), 249-256. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10298.x