High field strength element fractionation in the upper mantle: Evidence from amphibole-rich composite mantle xenoliths from the Kerguelen Islands (Indian Ocean)

B. N. Moine*, M. Grégoire, S. Y. O'Reilly, S. M.F. Sheppard, J. Y. Cottin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A basanite dyke in the Kerguelen Archipelago contains abundant composite mantle xenoliths consisting of spinel-bearing dunites cross-cut by amphibole-rich veins. Two types of veins (thick and thin) have been distinguished: the thick veins represent almost complete crystallization products of highly alkaline melts similar to the host basanites, whereas thin veins are precipitates from fractionates of the parental melts to the thick veins. These fractionated fluids are enriched in H2O relative to the parental melts. The amphiboles in the thin veins are lower in Ti and higher in Nb, Ta, Zr and Hf than amphiboles in the thick veins. This fractionation of high field strength elements (HFSE) is consistent with a combination of the changing composition of the fractionated fluids and the change in intrinsic amphibole-fluid partition coefficients for HFSE in fluids with higher a H2O and lower aT1O2. The trace element content of amphiboles disseminated in dunitic wall-rocks is closely related to the composition of adjacent veins and thus these amphiboles are precipitates from fluids percolating into the dunite from the veins. Disseminated amphibole reflects the composition of the percolating melt, which is similar to that of the associated veins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2145-2167
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Petrology
Volume42
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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