High-frequency electrical properties tomography at 9.4T as a novel contrast mechanism for brain tumors

Clémentine Lesbats, Nitish Katoch, Atul Singh Minhas, Arthur Taylor, Hyung Joong Kim, Eung Je Woo, Harish Poptani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To establish high-frequency magnetic resonance electrical properties tomography (MREPT) as a novel contrast mechanism for the assessment of glioblastomas using a rat brain tumor model.

Methods: Six F98 intracranial tumor bearing rats were imaged longitudinally 8, 11 and 14 days after tumor cell inoculation. Conductivity and mean diffusivity maps were generated using MREPT and Diffusion Tensor Imaging. These maps were co-registered with T2-weighted images and volumes of interests (VOIs) were segmented from the normal brain, ventricles, edema, viable tumor, tumor rim, and tumor core regions. Longitudinal changes in conductivity and mean diffusivity (MD) values were compared in these regions. A correlation analysis was also performed between conductivity and mean diffusivity values.

Results: The conductivity of ventricles, edematous area and tumor regions (tumor rim, viable tumor, tumor core) was significantly higher (P <.01) compared to the contralateral cortex. The conductivity of the tumor increased over time while MD from the tumor did not change. A marginal positive correlation was noted between conductivity and MD values for tumor rim and viable tumor, whereas this correlation was negative for the tumor core.

Conclusion: We demonstrate a novel contrast mechanism based on ionic concentration and mobility, which may aid in providing complementary information to water diffusion in probing the microenvironment of brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-392
Number of pages11
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume86
Issue number1
Early online date2 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • conductivity
  • diffusion
  • DTI
  • EPT
  • MREPT

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