High-heat geodynamic setting during the Palaeozoic evolution of the Mount Painter Province, SA, Australia: Evidence from combined field structural geology and potential-field inversions

R. J. Armit, L. Ailleres, P. G. Betts, B. F. Schaefer, T. N. Blaikie

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A method for subsurface recognition of blind geological bodies is presented using combined surface constraints and 3-D structural modelling that incorporates constraints from detailed mapping, and potential-field inversion modelling. This method is applied to the Mount Painter Province and demonstrates that addition of low density material is required to reconcile the gravity signature of the region. This method may be an effective way to construct 3-D models in regions of excellent structural control, and can be used to assess the validity of surface structures with 3-D architecture. Combined geological and potential-field constrained inversion modelling of the Mount Painter Province was conducted to assess the validity of the geological models of the region. Magnetic susceptibility constrained stochastic property inversions indicates that the northeast to southwest structural trend of the relatively magnetic meta-sedimentary rocks of the Radium Creek Group in the Mount Painter Inlier is reconcilable with the similar, northeast to southwest trending positive magnetic anomalies in the region. Radium Creek Group packages are the major contributor of the total magnetic response of the region. However field mapping and the results of initial density constrained stochastic property inversion modelling do not correlate with a large residual negative gravity anomaly central to the region. Further density constrained inversion modelling indicates that an additional large body of relatively low density material is needed within the model space to account for this negative density anomaly. Through sensitivity analysis of multiple geometrical and varied potential-field property inversions, the best-fitting model records a reduction in gravity rms misfit from 21.9 to 1.69 mGal, representing a reduction from 56 to 4.5 per cent in respect to the total dynamic range of 37.5 mGal of the residual anomaly. This best-fitting model incorporates a volumetrically significant source body of interpreted felsic, low density material (1012 m3) impinging on the central-west of the Mount Painter Inlier and overlying Neoproterozoic sequences, and the emplacement of more mafic affinities in the northeast and east. The spatial association and circular geometry of these granitoid bodies suggests an affinity with the Palaeozoic ~460-440 Ma British Empire Granite that outcrops in the Mount Painter Inlier. The intrusion of this additional material in the Palaeozoic could either be the product of; or contributed to, an increased local geotherm and heat flow in the region during the Palaeozoic.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberggu263
Pages (from-to)253-275
Number of pages23
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Copyright The Authors 2014. First published in Geophysical Journal International, Volume 198, Issue 1, Pp. 253-275. The original publication is available at http://www.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggu263, published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


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