High-intensity interval training and health optimizing physical education: achieving health and educative outcomes in secondary physical education—a pilot nonrandomized comparison trial

Dean Dudley*, Nathan Weaver, John Cairney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is perceived to be an efficient way to meet health outcomes in physical education (PE), the effect of HIIT on the learning environment of students is unknown.

Purpose: This study compared two PE interventions lasting 8 weeks and assessed the potential efficacy of embedding HIIT into a PE program to meet concurrent health and educative outcomes.

Methods: Participants (N = 166; mean age = 12.91 years) were assigned to one of two study conditions according to intact groupings: HIIT program (n = 84) and dynamic PE (DPE) program (n = 82). Assessments occurred at baseline and postintervention. A repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to test the intervention effects in each group.

Results: Postintervention analysis demonstrated increases in health indices of both groups and comparing the effect size of each intervention revealed no difference. Systematic direct observation revealed effects for the provision of terminal feedback within the HIIT intervention (g = 1.03) when compared with the DPE intervention. A self-report questionnaire revealed changes in motivation toward PE among students allocated to the HIIT group were trivial, whereas students exposed to the DPE program displayed increased levels of motivation toward their PE experience.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that HIIT may elicit positive changes in PE settings by creating a “time potential” leading to an increased opportunity to learn without negating health gains. The DPE program proved to be move favorable in terms of student motivations to learn during PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-227
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Teaching in Physical Education
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Fitness
  • Physical activity

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