High-performance oxygen sensors based on EuIII complex/polystyrene composite nanofibrous membranes prepared by electrospinning

Yinghui Wang, Bin Li, Liming Zhang, Qinghui Zuo, Peng Li, Jun Zhang, Zhongmin Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


An optical oxygen sensor based on an EuIII complex/polystyrene (PS) composite nanofibrous membrane is prepared by electrospinning. The emission intensity of [Eu(TTA)3(phencarz)] (TTA=2‐thenoyltrifluoroacetonate, phencarz=2‐(N‐ethylcarbazolyl‐4)imidazo[4,5‐f ]1,10‐phenanthroline) decreases with increasing oxygen concentration, and thus the [Eu(TTA)3 (phencarz)]/PS composite nanofibrous membranes can be used as an optical oxygen‐sensing material based on emission quenching caused by oxygen. Elemental analysis, UV/Vis absorption spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fluorescence microscopy, luminescence‐intensity quenching Stern–Volmer plots, and excited‐state decay analysis are used to characterize the obtained oxygen‐sensing materials. A high sensitivity (I N2/I O2) of 3.38 and short response and recovery times (t =5.0, t =8.0 s) are obtained. These results are the best values reported for oxygen sensors based on EuIII complexes. The high surface area‐to‐volume ratio and porous structure of the electrospun nanofibrous membranes are taken to be responsible for the outstanding performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-355
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • electrospinning
  • lanthanides
  • luminescence
  • membranes
  • sensors

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