Higher education attainment does not improve the adult employment outcomes of adolescents with ill health

Emily J. Callander, Deborah Schofield, Rupendra Shrestha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper assesses whether attaining a higher education improves the chances of employment in adulthood amongst those who had a chronic health condition in adolescence. Using longitudinal analysis of twelve waves of the nationally representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, conducted between 2001 and 2012, a cohort of adolescents aged 15 to 21 in Wave 1 were followed through to age 24 (n=624). The results show that those who did have a chronic health condition during adolescence were2.4 times more likely to not be employed at age 24 compared to those who did not have a chronic health condition (95% CI: 1.4 – 4.4, p=0.0024). The results were adjusted for age, sex, education attainment at age 24, health status at age 24 and household income poverty status at age 24. Amongst those who did have a chronic health condition during adolescence there was no significant difference in the likelihood of being employed for those with a Year 12 and below (p=0.1087) level of education attainment or those with a Diploma, Certificate III or IV (p=0.6366) compared to those with a university degree. Education attainment was not shown to mitigate the impact of having a chronic health condition during adolescence on adult employment outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of social inclusion
Volume7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • employment
  • chronic health conditions
  • poverty
  • living standards
  • longitudinal

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