High‐resolution electromagnetic images of conducting zones in an upthrust crustal block

Alan G. Jones*, Richard C. Bailey, Marianne Mareschal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A high‐resolution, controlled‐source, electromagnetic survey in the Kapuskasing region, over exposed deep crustal material upthrust along ramp‐and‐flat geometry faults, reveals a shallow weakly‐conductive layer (5,000–10,000 Ω·m) within a resistive host (50,000–100,000 Ω·m). This layer, at ≈1 km depth, correlates spatially with a zone of enhanced reflectivity, and coincident breaks in both conductivity and reflectivity suggest that a high‐angle fault zone offsets the layer. The cause(s) of this enhanced conductivity is conjectural until this unit is drilled, but the two probable candidates are: (1) electrolytic conduction in saline‐filled porous rocks, or (2) ionic conduction along connected grain‐boundary films of graphite. Or both conduction mechanisms may be operating with the graphite interconnectivity provided by the brines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1807-1810
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume21
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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