Long-term surface deformation monitoring of highways is crucial to prevent potential hazards and ensure sustainable transportation system safety. DInSAR technique shows its great advantages for ground movements monitoring compared with traditional geodetic survey methods. However, the unavoidable influences of the temporal and spatial decorrelation have brought restrictions for traditional DInSAR on the application for ribbon infrastructures deformation monitoring. In addition, PS and SBAS techniques are not suitable for the area where adequate natural high coherent points cannot be detected. Due to this, we designed an integrated highway deformation monitoring algorithm based on CRInSAR technique in this paper, the processing flow including Corner Reflectors (CR) identification, CR baseline network establishment, phase unwrapping, and time series highway deformation estimation. Both the simulated and real data experiments are conducted to assess and validate the algorithm. In the scenario using simulated data, 10 different noise levels are added to test the performance under different circumstances. The RMSE of linear deformation velocities for 10 different noise levels are obtained and analyzed, to investigate how the accuracy varies with noise. In the real data experiment, part of a highway in Henan, China is chosen as the test area. Six PALSAR images acquired from 22 December 2008 to 09 February 2010 were collected and 12 CR points were installed along the highway. The ultimate time series deformation estimated show that all the CR points are stable. CR04 is undergoing the most serious subsidence, with the maximum magnitude of 13.71mm over 14 months. Field leveling measurements are used to assess the external deformation accuracy, the final RMSE is estimated to be ±2.2mm, which indicates good accordance with the result of leveling.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
- Corner reflector
- ground deformation
- highway monitoring