HLA genotype and anti-inflammatory drug use have independently been associated with a lower risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We recently reported a negative association between aspirin use and AD. To investigate this further, we performed a cross-sectional study to investigate cognitive performance in 151 non-demented individuals in relation to HLA-DRB1 genotype and aspirin use. Aspirin and HLA-DRB1*01 were positive predictors of performance on logical memory (aspirin, p=0.04) and verbal fluency tests (HLA-DRB1*01, p=0.018), respectively. HLA-DRB1*05 had a negative impact on the Boston naming test (p=0.002). Our results suggest that aspirin use and inflammatory genotype may influence cognition in non-demented subjects.
- Human leukocyte antigen