How I do it: 3D exoscopic endoscope-assisted microvascular decompression

Angela Li Ching Ng, Antonio Di Ieva*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is an effective treatment for drug-resistant trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm. However, failure of symptomatic improvement can arise from difficulties in identifying and/or decompressing the offending vessel. Microscopic and endoscopic techniques have been used to improve visualisation and safety of the procedure but there are limitations to each technique. Method: A 3D exoscopic endoscope-assisted MVD technique is described, including advice on potential pitfalls. Conclusion: Compared with the standard microscope-assisted techniques, the 3D exoscopic endoscope-assisted MVD offers an improved visualisation without compromising the field of view within and outside the surgical field.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1443-1447
    Number of pages5
    JournalActa Neurochirurgica
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


    • 3D exoscopy
    • Endoscopy
    • Microvascular decompression


    Dive into the research topics of 'How I do it: 3D exoscopic endoscope-assisted microvascular decompression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this