HTS step-edge Josephson junction terahertz harmonic mixer

Jia Du, Andrew R. Weily, Xiang Gao, Ting Zhang, Cathy P. Foley, Yingjie Jay Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


A high-temperature superconducting (HTS) terahertz (THz) frequency down-converter or mixer based on a thin-film ring-slot antenna coupled YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO)/MgO step-edge Josephson junction is reported. The frequency down-conversion was achieved using higher order harmonics of an applied lower frequency (19-40 GHz) local oscillator signal in the Josephson junction mixing with a THz signal of over 600 GHz, producing a 1-3 GHz intermediate frequency signal. Up to 31st order of harmonic mixing was obtained and the mixer operated stably at temperatures up to 77 K. The design details of the antenna, HTS Josephson junction mixer, the matching and isolation circuits, and the DC and RF performance evaluation are described in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024002
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • harmonic mixing
  • high-temperature superconductor
  • Josephson junction
  • terahertz antenna
  • terahertz mixer

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