Human deforestation outweighs future climate change impacts of sedimentation on coral reefs

Joseph Maina, Hans De Moel, Jens Zinke, Joshua Madin, Tim McClanahan, Jan E. Vermaat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Near-shore coral reef systems are experiencing increased sediment supply due to conversion of forests to other land uses. Counteracting increased sediment loads requires an understanding of the relationship between forest cover and sediment supply, and how this relationship might change in the future. Here we study this relationship by simulating river flow and sediment supply in four watersheds that are adjacent to Madagascar's major coral reef ecosystems for a range of future climate change projections and land-use change scenarios. We show that by 2090, all four watersheds are predicted to experience temperature increases and/or precipitation declines that, when combined, result in decreases in river flow and sediment load. However, these climate change-driven declines are outweighed by the impact of deforestation. Consequently, our analyses suggest that regional land-use management is more important than mediating climate change for influencing sedimentation of Malagasy coral reefs.

LanguageEnglish
Article number1986
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
JournalNature Communications
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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deforestation
coral reefs
Coral Reefs
Deforestation
Reefs
Climate Change
Conservation of Natural Resources
climate change
Sedimentation
Climate change
Sediments
sediments
land use
Rivers
Land use
Madagascar
Watersheds
rivers
Ecosystem
ecosystems

Cite this

Maina, Joseph ; De Moel, Hans ; Zinke, Jens ; Madin, Joshua ; McClanahan, Tim ; Vermaat, Jan E. / Human deforestation outweighs future climate change impacts of sedimentation on coral reefs. In: Nature Communications. 2013 ; Vol. 4. pp. 1-7.
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abstract = "Near-shore coral reef systems are experiencing increased sediment supply due to conversion of forests to other land uses. Counteracting increased sediment loads requires an understanding of the relationship between forest cover and sediment supply, and how this relationship might change in the future. Here we study this relationship by simulating river flow and sediment supply in four watersheds that are adjacent to Madagascar's major coral reef ecosystems for a range of future climate change projections and land-use change scenarios. We show that by 2090, all four watersheds are predicted to experience temperature increases and/or precipitation declines that, when combined, result in decreases in river flow and sediment load. However, these climate change-driven declines are outweighed by the impact of deforestation. Consequently, our analyses suggest that regional land-use management is more important than mediating climate change for influencing sedimentation of Malagasy coral reefs.",
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Human deforestation outweighs future climate change impacts of sedimentation on coral reefs. / Maina, Joseph; De Moel, Hans; Zinke, Jens; Madin, Joshua; McClanahan, Tim; Vermaat, Jan E.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 4, 1986, 2013, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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