Human-mediated loss of phylogenetic and functional diversity in coral reef fishes

Stéphanie D'agata*, David Mouillot, Michel Kulbicki, Serge Andréfouët, David R. Bellwood, Joshua E. Cinner, Peter F. Cowman, Mecki Kronen, Silvia Pinca, Laurent Vigliola

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Beyond the loss of species richness, human activities may also deplete the breadth of evolutionary history (phylogenetic diversity) and the diversity of roles (functional diversity) carried out by species within communities, two overlooked components of biodiversity. Both are, however, essential to sustain ecosystem functioning and the associated provision of ecosystem services, particularly under fluctuating environmental conditions. We quantified the effect of human activities on the taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity of fish communities in coral reefs, while teasing apart the influence of biogeography and habitat along a gradient of human pressure across the Pacific Ocean. We detected nonlinear relationships with significant breaking points in the impact of human population density on phylogenetic and functional diversity of parrotfishes, at 25 and 15 inhabitants/km2, respectively, while parrotfish species richness decreased linearly along the same population gradient. Over the whole range, species richness decreased by 11.7%, while phylogenetic and functional diversity dropped by 35.8% and 46.6%, respectively. Our results call for caution when using species richness as a benchmark for measuring the status of ecosystems since it appears to be less responsive to variation in human population densities than its phylogenetic and functional counterparts, potentially imperiling the functioning of coral reef ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-560
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

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D'agata, S., Mouillot, D., Kulbicki, M., Andréfouët, S., Bellwood, D. R., Cinner, J. E., ... Vigliola, L. (2014). Human-mediated loss of phylogenetic and functional diversity in coral reef fishes. Current Biology, 24(5), 555-560. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.01.049