Human mobility and identity

variation, diet and migration in relation to the Garamantes of Fazzan

Ronika K. Power, Efthymia Nikita, David J. Mattingly, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Tamsin C. O'Connell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The Garamantes were the earliest urbanised population in the Central Sahara, and their socio-political and economic histories have been the subject of extensive study.However, little is known about their biological origins. Building on the results obtained in the Desert Migrations Project, the biocultural theme within the Trans-SAHARA Project has sought to answer two main questions relating to human migration in the Central Sahara. First, it aimed to determine what (if any) biological and cultural links can be established between the historical kingdom of the Garamantes and the preceding late Neolithic (Pastoral) and contemporary peoples in the surrounding Saharan, Sahelian, Nilotic and Mediterranean regions. Second, the project aimed to investigate aspects of the diet and individual mobility of the people who were buried in the Garamantian cemeteries of the Wadi al-Ajal, in direct comparison with results from the analysis of people from the surrounding regions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBurials, migration and identity in the ancient Sahara and beyond
EditorsM. C. Gatto, D. J. Mattingly, N. Ray, M. Sterry
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
Chapter4
Pages134-161
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9781108634311
ISBN (Print)9781108474085
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameTrans-Saharan Archaeology
PublisherCambridge University Press
Volume2

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Power, R. K., Nikita, E., Mattingly, D. J., Mirazón Lahr, M., & O'Connell, T. C. (2019). Human mobility and identity: variation, diet and migration in relation to the Garamantes of Fazzan. In M. C. Gatto, D. J. Mattingly, N. Ray, & M. Sterry (Eds.), Burials, migration and identity in the ancient Sahara and beyond (pp. 134-161). (Trans-Saharan Archaeology; Vol. 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108634311.004