Human navigation network

the intrinsic functional organization and behavioral relevance

Xiang-Zhen Kong, Xu Wang, Yi Pu, Lijie Huang, Xin Hao, Zonglei Zhen, Jia Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spatial navigation is a crucial ability for living. Previous work has revealed multiple distributed brain regions associated with human navigation. However, little is known about how these regions work together as a network (referred to as navigation network) to support flexible navigation. In a novel protocol, we combined neuroimaging meta-analysis, and functional connectivity and behavioral data from the same subjects. Briefly, we first constructed the navigation network for each participant, by combining a large-scale neuroimaging meta-analysis (with the Neurosynth) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Then, we investigated multiple topological properties of the navigation networks, including small-worldness, modularity, and highly connected hubs. Finally, we explored the behavioral relevance of these intrinsic properties in a large sample of healthy young adults (N = 190). We found that navigation networks showed small-world and modular organization at global level. More importantly, we found that increased small-worldness and modularity of the navigation network were associated with better navigation ability. Finally, we found that the right retrosplenial complex (RSC) acted as one of the hubs in the navigation network, and that higher betweenness of this region correlated with better navigation ability, suggesting a critical role of the RSC in modulating the navigation network in human brain. Our study takes one of the first steps toward understanding the underlying organization of the navigation network. Moreover, these findings suggest the potential applications of the novel approach to investigating functionally meaningful networks in human brain and their relations to the behavioral impairments in the aging and psychiatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-764
Number of pages16
JournalBrain Structure and Function
Volume222
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • spatial navigation
  • functional connectivity
  • individual differences
  • connectomics

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