Hydrodynamic analysis of direct steam generation solar collectors

S. D. Odeh*, M. Behnia, G. L. Morrison

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Direct steam generation collectors are considered with the aim to improve the performance of a parabolic trough collector leading to a reduction of operating costs of solar electric generation systems. In this study a hydrodynamic steady state model is developed and linked with a thermal model to optimize the performance of once-through direct steam generation solar collectors. The hydrodynamic model includes flow pattern classification and a pressure drop model. Flow pattern maps for typical DSG collectors with horizontal and inclined absorber tubes are generated to investigate the variation of flow conditions with radiation level, tube diameter, tube length and flow rate. Two-phase flow frictional pressure drop correlations for the range of operating conditions in a DSG collector are selected from the wide range of published correlations by comparison with experimental data for typical steam-water flow conditions in a DSG collector. Pressure drop is calculated for different operating conditions for both horizontal and inclined solar absorber tubes. Alternative operational strategies are evaluated to achieve optimum performance of a direct steam generation collector at different radiation levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes


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