Hydrogen peroxide detection at a horseradish peroxidase biosensor with a Au nanoparticle-dotted titanate nanotube|hydrophobic ionic liquid scaffold

Xiaoqiang Liu, Heqing Feng, Jiamei Zhang, Ruoxia Zhao, Xiuhua Liu, Danny K Y Wong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, a novel sensing scaffold, consisting Au nanoparticle (GNP)-dotted TiO 2 nanotubes (TNTs) as the rigid material and the hydrophobic ionic liquid (HIL), 1-decyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, as the entrapping agent, was applied to facilitate the electron transfer of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on a glassy carbon electrode. GNPs were immobilised on the TNTs in our work using a one-step reduction of HAuCl 4·3H 2O by sodium borohydride in the presence of sodium citrate as a stabilising reagent. The morphology and composition of the as-synthesised composite materials were characterised by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry of HRP at the modified electrode presented a pair of reproducible, quasi-reversible redox peaks with a peak-to-peak separation of 69mV, indicating electron transfer between HRP and composite electrode. The GNP-TNT|HIL|HRP electrode was then applied to the detection of H 2O 2 in a pH 7.0 phosphate buffer using chronoamperometry. The biosensor exhibited a linear response in the 15-750μM range, and a limit of detection of 2.2μM. The biosensor also exhibited stability with 90% of the detection signal retained over a two-week duration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2012

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