Hydrothermal processing of biomass

Tao Kan*, Vladimir Strezov

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The most advanced thermochemical technologies that convert biomass into value-added products, combustion (including co-firing with coal), gasification and pyrolysis, generally utilise dry biomass (usually with a moisture content of <20 wt%) as the feedstock. The need to process high-moisture content biomass fuels has led to the development of hydrothermal processing technologies. The term ‘hydrothermal’ originates from the geological domain (Jin and Enomoto 2009). Hydrothermal processing can be broadly defined as a technology that utilises subcritical or supercritical water medium at elevated temperature (typically 200°C-800°C) and pressure (typically 5-30 MPa) (Peterson et al. 2008; Pavlovic et al. 2013).

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBiomass processing technologies
    EditorsVladimir Strezov, Tim J. Evans
    Place of PublicationBoca Raton
    PublisherCRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
    Pages155-176
    Number of pages22
    ISBN (Electronic)9781482282603
    ISBN (Print)9781466566163
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • hot-compressed water
    • pressure aqueous environments
    • supercritical water
    • oil production
    • bio-oil
    • thermochemical liquefaction
    • biofuel production
    • sodium-sulfate
    • carbonization
    • gasification

    Cite this