Hyperbolic metamaterial resonator–antenna scheme for large, broadband emission enhancement and single-photon collection

Faraz A. Inam, Nadeem Ahmed, Michael J. Steel, Stefania Castelletto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We model the broadband enhancement of single-photon emission from color centers in silicon-carbide nanocrystals coupled to a planar hyperbolic metamaterial (HMM) resonator. The design is based on positioning the single-photon emitters within the HMM resonator, which is made of a dielectric index-matched with silicon-carbide material. The broadband response results from the successive resonance peaks of the lossy Fabry–Perot structure modes arising within the high-index HMM cavity. To capture this broadband enhancement in the spontaneous emission of the single-photon emitter, we placed a simple gold-based cylindrical antenna on top of the HMM resonator. We analyzed the performance of this HMM-coupled antenna structure in terms of Purcell enhancement, quantum efficiency, collection efficiency, and overall collected photon rate (CPR). For perpendicular dipole orientation relative to the interface, the HMM-coupled antenna resonator leads to a significantly large spontaneous emission enhancement with a Purcell factor of the order of 250, along with a very high average total CPR of about 30 over a broad emission spectrum (700–1000 nm). The peak CPR increases to about 80 at 900 nm, corresponding to the emission of silicon-carbide quantum emitters. This is a state-of-the-art improvement considering previous computational designs have reported a maximum average CPR of 25 across the nitrogen vacancy center emission spectrum, 600–800 nm, with the highest value being about 40 at 650 nm.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2153-2162
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume35
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

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antennas
resonators
broadband
augmentation
photons
silicon carbides
emitters
spontaneous emission
emission spectra
cylindrical antennas
color centers
positioning
quantum efficiency
nanocrystals
gold
dipoles
nitrogen
cavities

Cite this

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title = "Hyperbolic metamaterial resonator–antenna scheme for large, broadband emission enhancement and single-photon collection",
abstract = "We model the broadband enhancement of single-photon emission from color centers in silicon-carbide nanocrystals coupled to a planar hyperbolic metamaterial (HMM) resonator. The design is based on positioning the single-photon emitters within the HMM resonator, which is made of a dielectric index-matched with silicon-carbide material. The broadband response results from the successive resonance peaks of the lossy Fabry–Perot structure modes arising within the high-index HMM cavity. To capture this broadband enhancement in the spontaneous emission of the single-photon emitter, we placed a simple gold-based cylindrical antenna on top of the HMM resonator. We analyzed the performance of this HMM-coupled antenna structure in terms of Purcell enhancement, quantum efficiency, collection efficiency, and overall collected photon rate (CPR). For perpendicular dipole orientation relative to the interface, the HMM-coupled antenna resonator leads to a significantly large spontaneous emission enhancement with a Purcell factor of the order of 250, along with a very high average total CPR of about 30 over a broad emission spectrum (700–1000 nm). The peak CPR increases to about 80 at 900 nm, corresponding to the emission of silicon-carbide quantum emitters. This is a state-of-the-art improvement considering previous computational designs have reported a maximum average CPR of 25 across the nitrogen vacancy center emission spectrum, 600–800 nm, with the highest value being about 40 at 650 nm.",
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Hyperbolic metamaterial resonator–antenna scheme for large, broadband emission enhancement and single-photon collection. / Inam, Faraz A.; Ahmed, Nadeem; Steel, Michael J.; Castelletto, Stefania.

In: Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics, Vol. 35, No. 9, 01.09.2018, p. 2153-2162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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