There are several possible strategies for documenting the stable individual differences in processing the history of hypnosis. However, an approach characteristic of science is to devise a scale that assigns different numbers to the varying manifestations of the phenomenon under study. This article declares that the first such hypnosis scale was developed in the late 1800s by Bernheim (1886/1964) and Liébeault (1889). Since then, there have been several developments in that direction. However, as this article explains, it was the scale construction work of Weitzenhoffer and Hilgard in the late 1950s that completely transformed the scientific study of hypnosis. Modifying the hypnosis scale of Friedlander and Sarbin (1938), they introduced a simplified pass/fail scoring scheme for the response to each test suggestion, and they added additional relatively easy test suggestions, yielding two alternate forms: the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scales, Forms A and B (SHSS: A and SHSS: B; Weitzenhoffer and Hilgard, 1959).
|Title of host publication||The Oxford Handbook of Hypnosis|
|Subtitle of host publication||Theory, Research, and Practice|
|Editors||Michael R. Nash, Amanda J. Barnier|
|Place of Publication||Oxford ; New York|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|