Hypnotic models of mirrored-self misidentification delusion: a review and an evaluation

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    Abstract

    Hypnotic suggestions can be used to model the symptoms of clinical disorders. In recent work, we applied this approach to study mirrored-self misidentification delusion, the belief that one’s reflection in the mirror is not oneself. Across eight experiments, we used specific suggestions that either directly specified the delusional belief or were designed to recreate deficits hypothesized to underpin the clinical condition, including impaired face processing and mirror agnosia. In both cases, we were able to recreate the delusion in healthy volunteers and create a viable laboratory model. In this article, we review the program of research as a whole. We discuss themes that emerged across studies, such as ways in which participants responded to the “stranger,” and the implications of our findings for understanding both hypnotic modeling and clinical delusions. We also discuss limitations to our work and suggest a number of directions for future research.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)430-451
    Number of pages22
    JournalPsychology of consciousness : theory, research, and practice
    Volume2
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • delusion
    • hypnosis
    • instrumental hypnosis
    • mirror sign
    • mirrored-self misidentification

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