Ideals of a life: Words for "transgression" in the Stela of Baki

Eve Guerry*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study is a lexical analysis of the words for "deviant behaviour" found in the Dynasty 18 stela of Baki (Turin 156). The text contains numerous praises that are formulated as disclaimers against wrongdoing and it therefore provides a fertile ground to examine members of the "transgression" word-field. Many of these words, including isf.t, hcombining breve belowww, dcombining minus sign beloww, iwhcombining dot below, wn and sp hcombining minus sign belowsy are not sufficiently differentiated by current dictionaries, where they are generally translated as "Böses" or "Sünde." An examination of the way these synonyms are used in the stela of Baki reveals distinctions in meaning and allows insight into what may govern the selection of one word over another in certain contexts. This enhances our understanding of the meaning of these words and illuminates the structure of the word-field they belong to as well as the corresponding concept in the Egyptian thought-world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-308
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Egyptian History
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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