Identification and characterization of novel human tissue-specific RFX transcription factors

Syed Aftab, Lucie Semenec, Jeffrey Shih-Chieh Chu, Nansheng Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Five regulatory factor X (RFX) transcription factors (TFs)-RFX1-5-have been previously characterized in the human genome, which have been demonstrated to be critical for development and are associated with an expanding list of serious human disease conditions including major histocompatibility (MHC) class II deficiency and ciliaophathies.

Results: In this study, we have identified two additional RFX genes-RFX6 and RFX7-in the current human genome sequences. Both RFX6 and RFX7 are demonstrated to be winged-helix TFs and have well conserved RFX DNA binding domains (DBDs), which are also found in winged-helix TFs RFX1-5. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that the RFX family in the human genome has undergone at least three gene duplications in evolution and the seven human RFX genes can be clearly categorized into three subgroups: (1) RFX1-3, (2) RFX4 and RFX6, and (3) RFX5 and RFX7. Our functional genomics analysis suggests that RFX6 and RFX7 have distinct expression profiles. RFX6 is expressed almost exclusively in the pancreatic islets, while RFX7 has high ubiquitous expression in nearly all tissues examined, particularly in various brain tissues.

Conclusion: The identification and further characterization of these two novel RFX genes hold promise for gaining critical insight into development and many disease conditions in mammals, potentially leading to identification of disease genes and biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Evolutionary Biology
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2008. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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