Identification and outcomes of clinical phenotypes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease: Australian National Motor Neuron Disease observational cohort

Paul Talman*, Thi Duong, Steve Vucic, Susan Mathers, Svetha Venkatesh, Robert Henderson, Dominic Rowe, David Schultz, Robert Edis, Merrilee Needham, Richard Macdonnell, Pamela McCombe, Carol Birks, Matthew Kiernan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Objective: To capture the clinical patterns, timing of key milestones and survival of patients presenting with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease (ALS/MND) within Australia.

Methods: Data were prospectively collected and were timed to normal clinical assessments. An initial registration clinical report form (CRF) and subsequent ongoing assessment CRFs were submitted with a completion CRF at the time of death.

Design: Prospective observational cohort study.

Participants: 1834 patients with a diagnosis of ALS/MND were registered and followed in ALS/MND clinics between 2005 and 2015.

Results: 5 major clinical phenotypes were determined and included ALS bulbar onset, ALS cervical onset and ALS lumbar onset, flail arm and leg and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS). Of the 1834 registered patients, 1677 (90%) could be allocated a clinical phenotype. ALS bulbar onset had a significantly lower length of survival when compared with all other clinical phenotypes (p

Conclusions: The establishment of a cohort registry for ALS/MND is able to determine clinical phenotypes, survival and monitor time to key milestones in disease progression. It is intended to expand the cohort to a more population-based registry using opt-out methodology and facilitate data linkage to other national registries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012054
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ Open
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

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