Identification of cognitive profiles among women considering BRCA1/2 testing through the utilisation of cluster analytic techniques

Pagona Roussi, Kerry A. Sherman, Suzanne M. Miller, Karen Hurley, Mary B. Daly, Andrew Godwin, Joanne S. Buzaglo, Kuang Yi Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Based on the cognitive-social health information processing model, we identified cognitive profiles of women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Prior to genetic counselling, participants (N = 171) completed a study questionnaire concerning their cognitive and affective responses to being at genetic risk. Using cluster analysis, four cognitive profiles were generated: (a) high perceived risk/low coping; (b) low value of screening/high expectancy of cancer; (c) moderate perceived risk/moderate efficacy of prevention/low informativeness of test result; and (d) high efficacy of prevention/high coping. The majority of women in Clusters One, Two and Three had no personal history of cancer, whereas Cluster Four consisted almost entirely of women affected with cancer. Women in Cluster One had the highest number of affected relatives and experienced higher levels of distress than women in the other three clusters. These results highlight the need to consider the psychological profile of women undergoing genetic testing when designing counselling interventions and messages.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1327-1343
Number of pages17
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Neoplasms
Genetic Counseling
Genetic Testing
Automatic Data Processing
Ovarian Neoplasms
Cluster Analysis
Counseling
Breast Neoplasms
Psychology
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Roussi, Pagona ; Sherman, Kerry A. ; Miller, Suzanne M. ; Hurley, Karen ; Daly, Mary B. ; Godwin, Andrew ; Buzaglo, Joanne S. ; Wen, Kuang Yi. / Identification of cognitive profiles among women considering BRCA1/2 testing through the utilisation of cluster analytic techniques. In: Psychology and Health. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 10. pp. 1327-1343.
@article{1274c83068b24a22b4a4a116f5b40592,
title = "Identification of cognitive profiles among women considering BRCA1/2 testing through the utilisation of cluster analytic techniques",
abstract = "Based on the cognitive-social health information processing model, we identified cognitive profiles of women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Prior to genetic counselling, participants (N = 171) completed a study questionnaire concerning their cognitive and affective responses to being at genetic risk. Using cluster analysis, four cognitive profiles were generated: (a) high perceived risk/low coping; (b) low value of screening/high expectancy of cancer; (c) moderate perceived risk/moderate efficacy of prevention/low informativeness of test result; and (d) high efficacy of prevention/high coping. The majority of women in Clusters One, Two and Three had no personal history of cancer, whereas Cluster Four consisted almost entirely of women affected with cancer. Women in Cluster One had the highest number of affected relatives and experienced higher levels of distress than women in the other three clusters. These results highlight the need to consider the psychological profile of women undergoing genetic testing when designing counselling interventions and messages.",
author = "Pagona Roussi and Sherman, {Kerry A.} and Miller, {Suzanne M.} and Karen Hurley and Daly, {Mary B.} and Andrew Godwin and Buzaglo, {Joanne S.} and Wen, {Kuang Yi}",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1080/08870446.2010.521938",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "1327--1343",
journal = "Psychology & Health",
issn = "0887-0446",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "10",

}

Identification of cognitive profiles among women considering BRCA1/2 testing through the utilisation of cluster analytic techniques. / Roussi, Pagona; Sherman, Kerry A.; Miller, Suzanne M.; Hurley, Karen; Daly, Mary B.; Godwin, Andrew; Buzaglo, Joanne S.; Wen, Kuang Yi.

In: Psychology and Health, Vol. 26, No. 10, 10.2011, p. 1327-1343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of cognitive profiles among women considering BRCA1/2 testing through the utilisation of cluster analytic techniques

AU - Roussi, Pagona

AU - Sherman, Kerry A.

AU - Miller, Suzanne M.

AU - Hurley, Karen

AU - Daly, Mary B.

AU - Godwin, Andrew

AU - Buzaglo, Joanne S.

AU - Wen, Kuang Yi

PY - 2011/10

Y1 - 2011/10

N2 - Based on the cognitive-social health information processing model, we identified cognitive profiles of women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Prior to genetic counselling, participants (N = 171) completed a study questionnaire concerning their cognitive and affective responses to being at genetic risk. Using cluster analysis, four cognitive profiles were generated: (a) high perceived risk/low coping; (b) low value of screening/high expectancy of cancer; (c) moderate perceived risk/moderate efficacy of prevention/low informativeness of test result; and (d) high efficacy of prevention/high coping. The majority of women in Clusters One, Two and Three had no personal history of cancer, whereas Cluster Four consisted almost entirely of women affected with cancer. Women in Cluster One had the highest number of affected relatives and experienced higher levels of distress than women in the other three clusters. These results highlight the need to consider the psychological profile of women undergoing genetic testing when designing counselling interventions and messages.

AB - Based on the cognitive-social health information processing model, we identified cognitive profiles of women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Prior to genetic counselling, participants (N = 171) completed a study questionnaire concerning their cognitive and affective responses to being at genetic risk. Using cluster analysis, four cognitive profiles were generated: (a) high perceived risk/low coping; (b) low value of screening/high expectancy of cancer; (c) moderate perceived risk/moderate efficacy of prevention/low informativeness of test result; and (d) high efficacy of prevention/high coping. The majority of women in Clusters One, Two and Three had no personal history of cancer, whereas Cluster Four consisted almost entirely of women affected with cancer. Women in Cluster One had the highest number of affected relatives and experienced higher levels of distress than women in the other three clusters. These results highlight the need to consider the psychological profile of women undergoing genetic testing when designing counselling interventions and messages.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863401653&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/08870446.2010.521938

DO - 10.1080/08870446.2010.521938

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 1327

EP - 1343

JO - Psychology & Health

T2 - Psychology & Health

JF - Psychology & Health

SN - 0887-0446

IS - 10

ER -