Identifying achievement goals and their relationship to academic achievement in undergraduate pharmacy students

Saleh Alrakaf*, Erica Sainsbury, Grenville Rose, Lorraine Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives. To compare the achievement goal orientations of first-year with those of third-year undergraduate Australian pharmacy students and to examine the relationship of goal orientations to academic achievement.

Methods. The Achievement Goal Questionnaire was administered to first-year and third-year students during class time. Students’ grades were obtained from course coordinators.

Results. More first-year students adopted performance-approach and mastery-approach goals than did third-year students. Performance-approach goals were positively correlated with academic achievement in the first year. Chinese Australian students scored the highest in adopting performance-approach goals. Vietnamese Australian students adopted mastery-avoidance goals more than other ethnicities. First-year students were more strongly performance approach goal-oriented than third-year students.

Conclusion. Adopting performance-approach goals was positively correlated with academic achievement, while adopting avoidance goals was not. Ethnicity has an effect on the adoption of achievement goals and academic achievement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic achievement
  • Achievement goal questionnaire
  • Achievement goals
  • Ethnicity


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