IgG4 disease of the ear: report and review

Carolina Wuesthoff, Alexandra Allende, Nirmal Patel*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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    Abstract

    In recent years, an immune-mediated disorder involving IgG4 has been described, which targets multiple organs and explains a number of disorders previously regarded as "idiopathic" or of unknown origin. Furthermore, the discovery of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) has placed a number of pathologies within its spectrum, linking symptoms and conditions formerly considered isolated. Reports of the manifestations of IgG4-RD in the head and neck are scarce. Otological manifestations have been reported, but only a handful of cases are available in the literature. This is the first report of recalcitrant serous otitis media secondary to IgG4-RD, confirmed by immunohistopathology. A case of IgG4-RD of the middle ear is presented, manifesting itself as recalcitrant serous otitis media. The case is presented from an otolaryngological and histopathological perspective and briefly reviews this rare disorder. The importance of the awareness of IgG4-RD resides mainly in the fact that it is a treatable condition. This can potentially improve the quality of life of a number of patients, some of whom may not have had a clear diagnosis. A favorable response to glucocorticoids has been reported. In cases of persistent symptoms, immunosuppressive therapy has been used with success.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberARTN 2050313X18791428
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalSAGE Open Medical Case Reports
    Volume6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2018

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2018. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • IgG4-related disease
    • chronic otitis media
    • autoimmune ear pathology

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