Mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) obtained by culturing progenitor cells with rIL-3 express mouse mast cell protease (MMCP)-5 mRNA but not MMCP-1 mRNA or MMCP-4 mRNA. In terms of mast cell differentiation, these transcripts encode one early-expressed and two late-expressed chymases, respectively. cDNA and cRNA probes were used in RNase protection assays and RNA blot analyses to study the expression of these three homologous protease genes in cultured mast cells and in helminth-infected mice. Intestinal tissue from Trichinella spiralis-infected mice, containing high numbers of mucosal mast cells, had abundant amounts of MMCP-1 mRNA but only minimal amounts of the serosal mast cell transcript that encodes MMCP-4. Exposure of mouse BMMC to rIL-10-induced transcription of the MMCP-1 gene but not the MMCP-4 gehe, and a cDNA encoding MMCP-1 was obtained from these rIL-10-treated cells. The expression of MMCP-1 mRNA in BMMC depended on the continuous exposure of these cells to rIL-10, and the level of MMCP-1 mRNA (but not MMCP-5 mRNA) was substantially higher in BMMC maintained in rIL-4 and rIL-10 than in rIL-3 and rIL-10 or in rIL-3, rIL-4, and rIL-10. Thus, whereas rIL-3 elicits transcription of early expressed genes in cultured mast cells, it suppresses the transcription of late-expressed genes. These in vitro and in vivo transcription studies also indicate that rIL-10 preferentially induces differentiation of mouse progenitor cells in a mucosal mast cell-specific lineage, and that expression of granule serine protease genes is regulated in a subclass-specific manner in mouse mucosal mast cells and serosal mast cells.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Sep 1992|