Impact of dark annealing on the kinetics of light- and elevated-temperature-induced degradation

Shaoyang Liu, David Payne, Carlos Vargas Castrillon, Daniel Chen, Moonyong Kim, Chandany Sen, Utkarshaa Varshney, Ziv Hameiri, Catherine Chan, Malcolm Abbott, Stuart Wenham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Light- and elevated-temperature-induced degradation (LeTID) has been shown to have a significant detrimental impact on p-type multicrystalline silicon solar cells and, in particular, on passivated emitter and rear cells. Previous studies have shown that defect kinetics can be modulated for samples that are dark annealed prior to light soaking at elevated temperature. In this work, we show that while short annealing durations help accelerate both degradation and recovery rates to different extents, extended annealing instead instigates a retarding effect. Our results confirm that thermally induced degradation and regeneration mechanisms can be observed during dark annealing. The results also suggest that the response to this yet undetermined defect mechanism not only depends on the initial dark annealing temperature, but it is also highly dependent on the stage of the dark annealing degradation and regeneration cycle reached before beginning light soaking. Finally, we propose a refined model of three generalized modes to describe the changes in LeTID kinetics after dark annealing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1494-1502
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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