Impact of "Nuisance" Bleeding on Clopidogrel Compliance in Patients Undergoing Intracoronary Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation

Probal Roy, Laurent Bonello, Rebecca Torguson, Axel de Labriolle, Gilles Lemesle, T. L P Slottow, Daniel H. Steinberg, Kimberly Kaneshige, Zhenyi Xue, Lowell F. Satler, Kenneth M. Kent, William O. Suddath, Augusto D. Pichard, Joseph Lindsay, Ron Waksman*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    109 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Premature cessation of clopidogrel is a strong risk factor for drug-eluting stent thrombosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The impact that superficial or "nuisance" bleeding may have on clopidogrel compliance has not been described. The study population consisted of 2,360 unselected patients undergoing successful drug-eluting stent implantation. Nuisance bleeding, defined as easy bruising, bleeding from small cuts, petechia, and ecchymosis, was assessed during routine clinical follow-up. Internal and alarming bleeding was recorded. Cessation of clopidogrel as a consequence of such bleeding was then assessed. Study population characteristics were 66.1% men, mean age 64.5 ± 11.8 years, diabetes mellitus in 31.1%, smoking in 18.5%, systemic hypertension in 81.8%, dyslipidemia in 87.9%, history of coronary artery disease in 49.1%, chronic renal insufficiency in 8.7%, and acute myocardial infarction in 10.8%. A total of 837 patients reported bleeding events (incidence 32.4%) of which 85.7% were nuisance, 13.6% were internal, and 0.7% were alarming. Rate of clopidogrel discontinuation as a result of bleeding in the nuisance bleeding group was 11.1%. In conclusion, superficial or nuisance bleeding is common in patients taking dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention. Overall, 11.1% of patients with nuisance bleeding discontinued clopidogrel. Greater education and follow-up in this patient subset may lead to improved compliance with clopidogrel therapy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1614-1617
    Number of pages4
    JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
    Volume102
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2008

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