Improved assessment of arterial stiffness using corrected cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI0) in overweight adolescents with white-coat and essential hypertension

Michal Mestanik, Alexander Jurko, Bart Spronck, Alberto P. Avolio, Mark Butlin, Tomas Jurko, Zuzana Visnovcova, Andrea Mestanikova, Peter Langer, Ingrid Tonhajzerova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arterial stiffness is a marker of vascular damage. Although adiposity increases cardiovascular risk, the relationship between paediatric overweight and arterial stiffness is unclear. The study aimed to evaluate the simultaneous effect of hypertension and overweight on arterial stiffness using cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and related novel, theoretically blood pressure (BP)-independent, index CAVI0. CAVI and CAVI0 were measured in 140 adolescent boys (16.0 ± 1.9 years) divided into age-matched groups: normal-weight normotensives, overweight normotensives, overweight white-coat hypertensives, and overweight essential hypertensives. Overweight normotensives had significantly lower CAVI and CAVI0 compared to normal-weight normotensives (4.81 ± 0.64 vs. 5.33 ± 0.66, p < .01; 7.10 ± 0.99 vs. 7.81 ± 1.00, p < .01, respectively). CAVI and CAVI0 in overweight essential hypertensives showed no significant difference compared to normal-weight normotensives and were significantly higher compared to overweight normotensives (5.32 ± 0.77 vs. 4.81 ± 0.64, p < .01; 7.77 ± 1.19 vs. 7.10 ± 0.99, p < .01, respectively). CAVI, but not CAVI0, was associated positively with diastolic pressure (0.022 mmHg−1, p = .002) and negatively with pulse pressure (−0.022 mmHg−1, p = .001), and it was significantly higher in overweight white-coat hypertensives compared to overweight normotensives (5.20 ± 0.63 vs. 4.81 ± 0.64, p < .05). The lowering effect of overweight on arterial stiffness indexed by CAVI and CAVI0 in hypertensive adolescents seems to counterbalance the early arteriosclerotic effect of essential hypertension. The increase in CAVI, but not CAVI0, in overweight white-coat hypertensives could be attributable to residual BP dependence of CAVI, which is not present in CAVI0. Under certain conditions, CAVI0 may offer a clinically relevant improved assessment of arterial stiffness superior to CAVI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-672
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Volume77
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • vascular stiffness
  • overweight
  • obesity
  • adolescent
  • hypertension
  • white coat hypertension
  • atherosclerosis
  • pulse wave analysis
  • blood pressure

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