Improved particle swarm optimization-based artificial neural network for rainfall-runoff modeling

Mohsen Asadnia, Lloyd H C Chua, X. S. Qin, Amin Talei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the application of an improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique for training an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict water levels for the Heshui Watershed, China. Daily values of rainfall and water levels from 1988 to 2000 were first analyzed using ANNs trained with the conjugate gradient, gradient descent, and Levenberg-Marquardt neural network (LM-NN) algorithms. The best results were obtained from the LM-NN, and these results were then compared with those from PSO-based ANNs, including the conventional PSO neural network (CPSONN) and the improved PSO neural network (IPSONN) with passive congregation. The IPSONN algorithm improves PSO convergence by using the selfish herd concept in swarm behavior. The results show that the PSO-based ANNs performed better than the LM-NN. For models run using a single parameter (rainfall) as input, the root mean square error (RMSE) of the testing data set for IPSONN was the lowest (0.152 m) compared to those for CPSONN (0.161 m) and LM-NN (0.205 m). For multiparameter (rainfall and water level) inputs, the RMSE of the testing data set for IPSONN was also the lowest (0.089 m) compared to those for CPSONN (0.105 m) and LM-NN (0.145 m). The results also indicate that the LM-NN model performed poorly in predicting the low and peak water levels in comparison to the PSO-based ANNs. Moreover, the IPSONN model was superior to CPSONN in predicting extreme water levels. Lastly, IPSONN had a quicker convergence rate compared to CPSONN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1320-1329
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artificial neural network
  • Conjugate gradient algorithm
  • Gradient descent algorithm
  • Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm
  • Passive particle swarm optimization
  • Rainfall-runoff modeling

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