Improving olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) adult and larval artificial diets, microflora associated with the fly and evaluation of a transgenic olive fruit fly strain

Polychronis Rempoulakis*, Ioannis Dimou, Antonios Chrysargyris, Aris P. Economopoulos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on the olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) - rearing simplification, insect microflora and transgenic strain evaluation - yielded several findings: (1) incorporation of antibiotics in the adult diet is evidently not needed; (2) colonization appears to be easier when wild adults are collected from the field instead of using mature larvae emerging from field-collected infested olives; (3) a combination of standard solid starter with liquid (no cellulose powder) finisher impregnated in synthetic sponge larval diets was more promising compared with all-liquid diets; (4) molecular analysis revealed extensive differences in bacterial species associated with the fly between laboratory flies and strains from different olive varieties, as well as between strains originating from different seasons of the year; (5) when an enhanced green fluorescent protein transgenic strain was compared with the standard long mass-reared strain, it proved significantly inferior according to all quality control tests applied, i.e. egg production, egg hatch, larval-stage duration, pupal recovery, pupal weight, adult emergence and adult survival. The aforementioned findings are discussed in the context of mass rearing and quality requirements for more successful implementation of the sterile insect technique against this pest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S114-S122
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Tropical Insect Science
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antibiotic
  • artificial diet
  • Bactrocera oleae
  • cellulose powder
  • colonization
  • enhanced green fluorescent protein
  • microflora
  • olive fruit fly
  • sterile insect technique
  • transgenic strain

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