Improving the toughness and electrical conductivity of epoxy nanocomposites by using aligned carbon nanofibres

Raj B. Ladani, Shuying Wu, Anthony J. Kinloch, Kamran Ghorbani, Jin Zhang, Adrian P. Mouritz, Chun H. Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is an increasing demand for high performance composites with enhanced mechanical and electrical properties. Carbon nanofibres offer a promising solution but their effectiveness has been limited by difficulty in achieving directional alignment. Here we report the use of an alternating current (AC) electric field to align carbon nanofibres in an epoxy. During the cure process of an epoxy resin, carbon nanofibres (CNFs) are observed to rotate and align with the applied electric field, forming a chain-like structure. The fracture energies of the resultant epoxy nanocomposites containing different concentrations of CNFs (up to 1.6wt%) are measured using double cantilever beam specimens. The results show that the addition of 1.6wt% of aligned CNFs increases the electrical conductivity of such nanocomposites by about seven orders of magnitudes to 10-2S/m and increases the fracture energy, GIc, by about 1600% from 134 to 2345J/m2. A modelling technique is presented to quantify this major increase in the fracture energy with aligned CNFs. The results of this research open up new opportunities to create multi-scale composites with greatly enhanced multifunctional properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-158
Number of pages13
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • A. Adhesive joints
  • B. Fracture toughness
  • C. Modelling
  • C. Fibre bridging
  • Fibre pull-out

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